Developing an Organic Farming System in Maluku

Aurellia Tatipata, Agustinus Jacob;

Abstract


Organic farming is a system used to increase long-term soil fertility in Maluku. The aim of our experiment was to develop continuous agricultural production to improve the sustainability of food supply in Maluku. The experiment was important in attempting to provide long-term benefits to the environment, making use of local bio resources, namely sago waste and city organic waste as compost, in order to improve and cultivate local plants and nutritious food. The experiment conducted in Waisamu and Passo, consisted of two treatments, i.e. making compost from sago waste and city organic waste, and then applied to local corn. Each treatment consists of two factors and three replications, using Randomized Complete Block Design; the first of which is types of compost, i.e. from sago waste and city organic waste; while the second factor is compost dosage, onsisting of five levels, i.e. 0 ton per hectare, 7, 5 ton per hectare, 10 ton per hectare, 12, 5 ton per hectare, 15 ton per hectare. The variables observed for compost quality are C/N ratio, mineral content N, P, K, Ca, Mg, Fe. Height and leaf area of plant, weigh, diameter and amount of stem on an ear were observed for growth and production of plant. The results proved that the higher dosage the 15 ton per hectare of the compost is, the higher of growth and production of the corn, 250 g compost from organic city waste is which improves the higher growth and production of pakchoy (Brassica chinensis). Composts from sago waste and city organic waste contain macro and micro nutrient that increases the nutrient content of soil, improving plant growth and corn production.

Keywords


Compost, Sago Waste, City Organic Waste

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